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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Petherick's accusation;, for the c undertakings ? entered Into by Britain at
Yalta prejudiced both the * sovereignty 3 and the c territorial inviolability *
of Poland.
" If we can honestly find a loophole in our treaty terrns^ and if we are
small enough to get through it, by all means let us take advantage of it;
but would such a loophole relieve us of the duty of fulfilling our moral
obligations ? "
The British Foreign Secretary was to state most emphatically that
the Poles would be happier and more prosperous when they had been
deprived of the Eastern half of their country and had received slices of
Germany in return. He lauded the proposed territorial acquirements
of Poland at the cost of Germany and with a patent sophistry adopted
c the scrap of paper * philosophy regarding treaties, denouncing the old
fashioned doctrine that., having given one's word it is customary to keep
it. He remarked, " it is really completely unrealistic to begin this discuss-
ion at the Treaty of Riga. I admit that it is true—there is no question of
it—that the Soviet Government ultimately accepted the Treaty of Riga.
But nobody with a knowledge of Russia was content with that solution
or indeed that we were content with that solution."
It was a statement which could find no confirmation in history—it
is enough to quote one such authority as Joffe, the Chairman of the
Russian Peace Delegation who said at the signing of the Treaty of Riga
(in the preamble to which was inserted the phrase, " the final everlasting
. . . honourable peace. . . .") ". . . . None of the peace treaties
concluded by Russia and the Ukraine allows of preparations for a new
war, because none of these treaties leaves any problem unresolved, nor
do they resolve any problem on the basis of a simple power ratio, as has
always been the case hitherto."
That the U.S.S.R., ruling circles appeared perfectly satisfied with the
Riga frontier, until the Second Great War broke out, can be judged by a
quotation from the official Great Soviet Encyclopedia (Bohhaya Sovietskaya
Entsiklopsdia\ Vol. 46, p. 247, which was issued in 1940 :—-
" The new Soviet-Polish frontier was much less beneficial to the White
Poles than the frontier which the Soviet Government had proposed to
Poland in April, 1920. It meant, in fact, that Soviet Russia had been
victorious in the fight against those counter-revolutionary forces."
The outstanding anomaly of Eden's argument was his reference to the
existence of the orthodox Church problem in Eastern Galicia, Owing
to there being no Orthodox Church in this region however, there was
in fact no such problem. A complete tolerance for all religious denomin-
ations always existed in ancient Poland. During the lifetime of the new
Poland (1918-1939), the Orthodox White Ruthenians, (there were no
Orthodox Ukrainians), and the hanciful of Anti-Soviet Russians had no
cause for complaint in relation to their religious freedom. With regard
to the Orthodox Church3 it is necessary to recall that the Polish Orthodox
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